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Magazine articles
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Calcium based sulfur recovery process for kraft black liquor gasification - proof of concept', TAPPI JOURNAL, July 2000, Vol. 83(7)

Calcium based sulfur recovery process for kraft black liquor gasification - proof of concept', TAPPI JOURNAL, July 2000, Vol. 83(7)

Magazine articles
Open Access
Modeling trs and so2 emissions from a kraft recovery boiler using an artificial neural network, TAPPI JOURNAL, November 2000, Vol. 83(11)

Modeling trs and so2 emissions from a kraft recovery boiler using an artificial neural network, TAPPI JOURNAL, November 2000, Vol. 83(11)

Magazine articles
Open Access
Calcium based sulfur recovery process for kraft black liquor gasification - proof of concept', TAPPI JOURNAL, July 2000, Vol. 83(7)

Calcium based sulfur recovery process for kraft black liquor gasification - proof of concept', TAPPI JOURNAL, July 2000, Vol. 83(7)

Magazine articles
Open Access
Deinking Difficulties Related to Ink Formulation, Printing P

Deinking Difficulties Related to Ink Formulation, Printing Process and Type of Paper

Journal articles
Magazine articles
Subscription Access
Wheat straw as an alternative pulp fiber, TAPPI Journal January 2020

ABSTRACT: The desire to market sustainable packaging materials has led to an interest in the use of various fiber types as a raw material. It has been suggested that the use of annual crops for partial replacement of wood fiber would result in more sustainable products. Several life cycle analyses (LCA) have been performed to evaluate these claims. These LCAs provided conflicting and contradictory results because of the local conditions and the specific pulping processes investigated. Selected LCAs are reviewed and the underlying reasons for these conflicting results are analyzed.

Magazine articles
Open Access
Forest products industry partners with government on r&d projects, TAPPI JOURNAL, April 1999, Vol. 82(4)

Forest products industry partners with government on r&d projects, TAPPI JOURNAL, April 1999, Vol. 82(4)

Journal articles
Magazine articles
Subscription Access
Wheat straw as an alternative pulp fiber, TAPPI Journal January 2020

ABSTRACT: The desire to market sustainable packaging materials has led to an interest in the use of various fiber types as a raw material. It has been suggested that the use of annual crops for partial replacement of wood fiber would result in more sustainable products. Several life cycle analyses (LCA) have been performed to evaluate these claims. These LCAs provided conflicting and contradictory results because of the local conditions and the specific pulping processes investigated. Selected LCAs are reviewed and the underlying reasons for these conflicting results are analyzed.

Journal articles
Magazine articles
Subscription Access
Evaluation of novel drum chipper technology: pilot-scale production of short wood chips, TAPPI Journal October 2019

ABSTRACT: Impregnation of wood chips with acidic pulping liquors is improved when using short chip lengths. If the average wood chip length is too short, conventional chipping technology will generate excess small material, such as pin chips and fines. The possibility of using newly developed drum chipping technology to produce short-length wood chips was evaluated with a pilot drum chipper operating at different drum velocities and in-feed angles. With a drum velocity of 30 m/s, the average wood chip lengths and the combined fractions of pin chips and fines were 24 mm and 3.3%, 22 mm and 4.2%, and 17 mm and 8.5%. The highest fractions of total accept chips (large and small accepts), 89% to 90% without screening, were observed for drum velocities of 30•34 m/s and average wood chips lengths of 21•22 mm. The results indicate the potential of drum chipping technology for producing short wood chips with relatively high fractions of accept chips and tolerable fractions of pin chips and fines.

Journal articles
Magazine articles
Subscription Access
Exergy and sensibility analysis of each individual effect in a kraft multiple effect evaporator, TAPPI Journal October 2019

ABSTRACT: The multiple effect evaporator (MEE) is an energy intensive step in the kraft pulping process. The exergetic analysis can be useful for locating irreversibilities in the process and pointing out which equipment is less efficient, and it could also be the object of optimization studies. In the present work, each evaporator of a real kraft system has been individually described using mass balance and thermodynamics principles (the first and the second laws). Real data from a kraft MEE were collected from a Brazilian plant and were used for the estimation of heat transfer coefficients in a nonlinear optimization problem, as well as for the validation of the model. An exergetic analysis was made for each effect individually, which resulted in effects 1A and 1B being the least efficient, and therefore having the greatest potential for improvement. A sensibility analysis was also performed, showing that steam temperature and liquor input flow rate are sensible parameters.

Journal articles
Magazine articles
Subscription Access
Kraft pulp bleaching with a P-stage catalyzed by both bicarbonate and TAED, TAPPI Journal July 2019

ABSTRACT: Peroxide bleaching of softwood and hardwood (eucalypt) kraft pulps was performed in solutions of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The conventional P stage (hydrogen peroxide + sodium hydroxide; H2O2 + NaOH) was the most effective brightening system without an additional activator. However, peroxide activation by bicarbonate anion (HCO3•) was obvious in all cases where NaHCO3 or Na2CO3 was used. When N,N,N’,N’-tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) was added to the bleaching sys-tem, Na2CO3 as the alkali source afforded equal or slightly higher bleached brightness compared to NaOH usage for both the softwood and hardwood pulps. This outcome is attributed to simultaneous peroxide activation by HCO3• and TAED. When applied to the eucalypt pulp, the H2O2/Na2CO3/TAED bleaching system also decreased the bright-ness loss due to thermal reversion.