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About TAPPI Journal

As of March 2022, TAPPI Journal’s (TJ) publishing model is 100% Open Access (OA) to improve the accessibility of its published articles, increase researcher engagement and make research more visible. This new format helps researchers meet their funding and grant application requirements and potentially increase the number of citations. As in the past, the copyright remains with the author, and unlike other technical journals, TJ does not require a publication fee. Read more.

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Editorial: TAPPI’s 2022 Nanotechnology Conference convenes in Finland, TAPPI Journal June 2022

June 01, 2022

ABSTRACT: TAPPI’s International Conference on Nano-technology for Renewable Materials was finally held in person this past June 13-17 in Helsinki, and more than 200 attendees gathered to participate in the 36-session program. A total of 24 countries were represented at the event and more than one-third of attendees were first-time participants.

Effects of rings on flow and temperature in lime kilns, TAPPI Journal June 2022

June 01, 2022

ABSTRACT: A steady state, two-dimensional (2D) axisymmetric model has been developed to help understand how rings form and grow in a typical lime kiln. Rings of varying length, thickness, and geometry at the front and back faces were modeled to study the effects on flue gas flow and temperature. The results show that ring growth causes the gas velocity to increase and insulates the adjacent refractory, resulting in a lower kiln shell temperature. The results also reveal the formation of recirculation zones immediately down-stream of the rings, as well as temperature deviations upstream and downstream of the rings that might promote recarbonation and further ring growth. The model was applied to a kiln from a kraft mill with front-end and mid-kiln rings and good agreement was obtained between the measured and predicted kiln shell temperatures, providing confidence in the modeling.

Water chemistry challenges in pulping and papermaking – fundamentals and practical insights: Part 1: Water chemistry fundamentals and pH, TAPPI Journal June 2022

June 01, 2022

ABSTRACT: Water is an essential component of the papermaking process. Nevertheless, papermakers often overlook its importance compared to fibers and chemical additives. A better understanding of water properties and chemical interactions associated with water at the wet end leads to a sound foundation for high-quality paper production and smooth operation. Not all fresh water and process water is the same. Fresh water varies from mill to mill, primarily due to the location and availability of water sources. Some industrial trends, such as enhancing water conservation and production yield, gradually shift process water quality over time. The current work serves as a primer on water and water chemistry fundamentals to help the papermaker prepare for the future challenges of increased contamination of process water associated with reduced fresh water usage. This paper focuses on basic water chemistry definitions and discusses the impact of pH on wet-end operation. It is clear that pH is a fundamental factor that directly affects the process and impacts other factors relevant to the papermaking process. It is crucial to understand what pH represents, how it is measured, how to select the proper pH and carefully control it, and how to closely maintain the process at target setpoints. Understanding the sensitivity of operation to pH change will lead to an appropriate focus on these issues. In addition to basic theory, we also review onsite experience and practical mill cases. It is imperative to stress that, although critical, pH is not the only chemical parameter impacting papermaking operations. Other factors, such as ionic concentration measured by conductivity, surface, soluble charge, and hardness, are critical and will be discussed in Part II of this series. As pH is a primary and independent factor that impacts various forms of charge and conductivity, the authors decided to start the current series of papers by discussing pH.

Rewet suppression through press felt engineering, TAPPI Journal June 2022

June 01, 2022

ABSTRACT: Due to the immense energy and associated financial cost of drying paper, achieving a drier web entering the dryers is a key objective in paper manufacture. One major research thrust has been finding a way to increase press solids by mitigating or eliminating rewet in the press section. For decades, solutions to this problem have remained elusive. In this work, we develop a novel approach that significantly reduces rewet by rupturing the liquid channels between felt and web. We illustrate the effects that altering the mechanical and surface properties of the press felt matrix have on the stability of these liquid channels. In a laboratory-scale platen press, a 40% reduction in the residual water of 120 g/m2 southern bleached softwood kraft (SBSK) pulp handsheets after pressing was observed, corresponding to an increase in press solids from 48% to 61%. For reference, pressing under identical conditions with paper blotters, in which minimal rewet is presumed to occur, resulted in 64% solids. Furthermore, we observed enhanced dewatering across a range of basis weights, applied pressures, and felt types. In addition to measuring the solids content of pressed sheets, we capture and analyze video evidence of the mechanisms at play in our improved dewatering technology.

The Influence of the Fine Structure of Cellulose on the Action of Cellulases, TAPPI Journal June 2022

June 01, 2022

ABSTRACT: In the hydrolysis of cellulose with enzymes of Aspergillus niger at 47°C., it shown that a great decrease in the rate occurred in the late stage of the reaction, usually with considerable cellulose still reamaining undissolved.