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About TAPPI Journal

An internationally recognized technical publication for over 60 years, TAPPI Journal (TJ) publishes the latest and most relevant research on the forest products and related industries in digital format. A stringent peer-review process and distinguished editorial board of academic and industry experts set TAPPI Journal apart as a reliable source for impactful basic and applied research and technical reviews. TAPPI Journal is going Open Access. Read more.

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Editorial: Explore the experience of this year’s virtual PEERS Conference, TAPPI Journal September 2020

September 01, 2020

ABSTRACT: Since impacts from the pandemic took hold this past March, we’ve all begun to truly ap-preciate safe in-person interaction with others. Whether it’s a trip to the grocery, visiting elderly parents, instructing students, or networking with colleagues, no direct contact is simple, so we’ve learned to negotiate virtual gatherings in a way we never dreamed would be important at the start of 2020.

Soybean peroxidase treatment of ultra-high kappa softwood pulp to enhance yield and physical properties, TAPPI Journal September 2020

September 01, 2020

ABSTRACT: The working hypothesis serving as basis for this study is that pulping to a higher kappa number will produce a higher yield pulp, and then treating that pulp with a surface reactive lignin peroxidase to ablate surface lignin will increase specific bonding area. In the present case, the working hypothesis was modified so that soybean peroxidase (SBP) works like lignin peroxidase to modify surface lignin on high-kappa, high-yield softwood pulps to facilitate enhanced fiber-to-fiber bonding such that the resulting paper strength is similar to the lower kappa soft-wood pulp generally used to make linerboard. Soybean peroxidase is actually a plant peroxidase that exhibits lignin peroxidase-like activity. It is not a lignin peroxidase derived from white rot fungus. The current work did show a significant improvement in pulp yield (62.2% vs. 55.2% yield for a 103-kappa control linerboard grade sheet), while treatment with SBP showed that tensile, burst, and STFI properties of the pulp were improved, although more convincing data needs to be obtained.

Lignin carbohydrate complex studies during kraft pulping for producing paper grade pulp from birch, TAPPI Journal September 2020

September 01, 2020

ABSTRACT: Paper grade pulp production across the globe is dominated by the kraft process using different lignocellulosic raw materials. Delignification is achieved around 90% using different chemical treatments. A bottleneck for complete delignification is the presence of residual covalent bonds that prevail between lignin and carbohydrate even after severe chemical pulping and oxygen delignification steps. Different covalent bonds are present in native wood that sustain drastic pulping conditions. In this study, 100% birch wood was used for producing paper grade pulp, and the lignin carbohydrate bonds were analyzed at different stages of the kraft cook. The lignin carbohydrate bonds that were responsible for residual lignin retention in unbleached pulp were compared and analyzed with the original lignin-carbohydrate complex (LCC) bonds in native birch wood. It was shown that lignin remaining after pulping and oxygen delignification was mainly bound to xylan, whereas the lignin bound to glucomannan was for the most part degraded.

Repulping of wet strength paper towel with potassium monopersulfate, TAPPI Journal September 2020

September 01, 2020

ABSTRACT: Potassium monopersulfate (KMPS) was used in repulping of polyamide-epichlorohydrin (PAE)-containing paper towel. The effectiveness of the repulping aid was compared with that of sodium hypochlorite. Addition of a 2.4% KMPS repulping aid achieved complete repulping of the paper towel, resulting in 88% screen yield and about 5% rejects. To reach a similar pulping result, two times the oxidative equivalent amount of sodium hypochlorite had to be used. Compared to the pulp fibers obtained from sodium hypochlorite repulping, those obtained from KMPS repulping had higher physical strength, longer fiber length, and lower fines content. This study demonstrated that KMPS was superior to sodium hypochlorite in repulping of PAE-containing paper towel in terms of effectiveness and pulp quality.

Quantification of vegetable oil in recycled paper, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2020

September 01, 2020

ABSTRACT: Vegetable soybean oil is commonly used in cooking foods that are packaged in takeaway paper-board containers. Vegetable oil is hydrophobic, and in sufficiently high concentration, could interfere with interfiber bonding and result in paper strength loss. In order to quantify the effect of oil on the resulting paperboard strength, it is necessary to quantify the oil content in paper. A lab method was evaluated to determine the soybean oil content in paper. Handsheets were made with pulps previously treated with different proportions of vegetable oil. Pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (pyGCMS) was used to quantify the amount of oil left in the handsheets. The results revealed a strong correlation between the amount of oil applied to the initial pulp and the amount of oil left in the handsheets.In addition, the effect of vegetable oils on paper strength may be affected by the cooking process. Vegetable oil is known to degrade over time in the presence of oxygen, light, and temperature. The vegetable oil was put in an oven to imitate the oil lifecycle during a typical pizza cooking process. The cooked oil was then left at room temperature and not protected from air (oxygen) or from normal daylight. The heated, then cooled, oil was stored over a period of 13 weeks. During this time, samples of the aged oil were tested as part of a time-based degradation study of the cooked and cooled oil.