Tappi Journal

About TAPPI Journal

An internationally recognized technical publication for over 60 years, TAPPI Journal (TJ) publishes the latest and most relevant research on the forest products and related industries. A stringent peer-review process and distinguished editorial board of academic and industry experts set TAPPI Journal apart as a reliable source for impactful basic and applied research and technical reviews. 

Available at no charge to TAPPI members, each issue of TAPPI Journal features research in pulp, paper, packaging, tissue, nonwovens, converting, bioenergy, nanotechnology or other innovative cellulosic-based products and technologies. Publishing in TAPPI Journal delivers your research to a global audience of colleagues, peers and employers.

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A study of the softness of household tissues using a tissue softness analyzer and hand-felt panels, TAPPI Journal March 2019

April 01, 2019

ABSTRACT: This study applied the reciprocal matrix approach to deduce the correlation between hand-felt (HF) and tissue softness analyzer (TSA) instrumental measurements of tissue softness. The research was conducted in three phases, which are discussed separately. In the phase one study, results indicated that systematic collection of samples and preparation of test specimens were the foundation of successful tests. TSA-HF and tensile strength exhibited a strong negative correlation. In the future, same-unit physical properties can provide a basis for discuss-ing the commonality and complementary natures of hand-felt and TSA softness measurements. In phase two, through the reciprocal matrix approach, subjective softness assessments performed by humans were reliably quan-tified. The quantified values were further applied to a statistical analysis using the t-test to distinguish and train pro-fessional panelists. In phase three of HF panel test results, all independent panels were compared to one another under a uniform scale established by four standard samples. The calibrated HF panel values were incorporated with TSA-HF results to establish technical curves between the softness and tensile strength, which were helpful for onsite workers to carry out process controls.

Size distribution analysis of microstickies treated by enzyme mixtures in papermaking whitewater, TAPPI Journal March 2019

April 01, 2019

ABSTRACT: Microstickies present a formidable challenge for papermakers. Many strategies have been explored o control them. Enzyme treatment is a promising technology, but the mechanism of its action has not been determined, thus inhibiting further application of this new technology. This study investigated characteristics and size distributions of microstickies treated by esterase-cellulase mixtures. Determination of particle size and number was accomplished using a modified flow cytometer, which combined streaming capillary flow, laser-based particle size analysis and fluorescent dye tracing. The results showed that treatment of samples with enzyme mixtures induced size reduction of the larger microstickies. This effect was most dramatic for 1:1 ratios of esterase to cellulase. The treated particles were more stable than untreated ones. The smaller microstickies treated with some ratios of esterase and cellulase tended to aggregate over time.

Controllable anisotropic properties of wet-laid hydroentangled nonwovens, TAPPI Journal March 2019

April 01, 2019

ABSTRACT: For nonwovens, fiber orientation distribution is an important structural characteristic that directly influences the anisotropic properties of the materials. Different Vslurry/Vbelt ratios were adopted to fabricate nonwovens during the wet-laid process. The results indicated that fiber orientation distribution of nonwovens can be regulated by adopting different Vslurry/Vbelt ratios owing to the web-forming principle of wet-laid techniques. Mechanical tests showed that both wet and dry tensile strength of nonwovens in different angle directions present anisotropy under different Vslurry/Vbelt ratio parameters. A liquid spreading distribution experiment proved that liquid spreading length and area of nonwovens could be manipulated using different Vslurry/Vbelt ratios in the fabrication process. Therefore, specific anisotropic properties of wet-laid hydroentangled nonwovens can be realized by controlling the process parameters for particular end-use applications.

Evaluating hardness and the S-test, TAPPI Journal March 2019

April 01, 2019

ABSTRACT: The corrugated industry typically quantifies crush resistance using the Concora corrugated medium test (CMT) on fluted medium or flat crush on combined board. These tests compress the materials until the point of complete failure of the flutes. Combined board elastically resists crushing forces until a certain point, the hardness of the structure, while additional load causes permanent damage and deformation. This study investigates how hardness can be measured directly from a load curve collected during CMT (or flat crush) testing and how it varies throughout the North American paper supply. It also explores how hardness corre-lates with the values obtained from the newly developed S-test. This new test method deserves further study as a potentially more appropriate specification for crush resistance of corrugated medium.

Editorial: TAPPI Journal 2018 Best Research Paper delves deeper into press section rewet to address drying efficiency, TAPPI Journal March 2019

April 01, 2019

ABSTRACT: TAPPI and the TAPPI Journal (TJ) Editorial Board would like to congratulate the authors of the 2018 TAPPI Journal Best Research Paper Award: J. David “Dave” McDonald and Richard J. “Dick” Kerekes. Their paper, “Rewet in wet pressing of pa-per,” appeared on p. 479 of the September 2018 issue. This research was recognized by the Editorial Board for its in-novation, creativity, scientific merit, and clear expression of ideas.