TAPPI Journal Archive

About TAPPI Journal

As of March 2022, TAPPI Journal’s (TJ) publishing model is 100% Open Access (OA) to improve the accessibility of its published articles, increase researcher engagement and make research more visible. This new format helps researchers meet their funding and grant application requirements and potentially increase the number of citations. As in the past, the copyright remains with the author, and unlike other technical journals, TJ does not require a publication fee. Read more.

Benefits of Open Access Publishing

Subscribe to the Journal

  • Filter by date:
Editorial: Surface energy in printing is the focus of runner-up, TAPPI Journal May 2024

May 25, 2024

ABSTRACT: The runner-up to the 2023 TAPPI Journal Best Re-search Paper was “Surface energy considerations for offset printing of coated paper and pa-perboard,” co-authored by Janet Pres-ton, Andrew Findlay, Jonathan Keen, and Eli Gaskin of Imerys Minerals in Par, England, UK. Their research appeared in the November 2023 special coating issue organized by TAPPI Journal Editorial Board Members Steve Ottone, Gregg Reed, and Greg Welsch.

Remembering Dr. Peter W. Hart: Dedicated leader, mentor, friend, TAPPI Journal May 2024

May 25, 2024

ABSTRACT: Dr. Peter W. Hart, a true pioneer in the pulp and paper industry, passed away on May 11, 2024. His legacy will be celebrated for many years. As we reflect on Hart’s remarkable life and achievements, we celebrate his positive impact on TAPPI and the industry. He was a beloved TAPPI member, editor, author, instructor, and mentor.

Polyvinylamine as a wet-end additive: Effects of pH and anionic contamination, TAPPI Journal May 2024

May 25, 2024

ABSTRACT: The effects of polyvinylamine (PVAm) on papermaking process attributes and handsheet quality were evaluated for a recycled copy paper furnish in a near neutral-to-alkaline pH range. The degree of protonation of primary amine groups, such as those in PVAm, is known to decrease with increasing pH. Streaming potential tests surprisingly showed that a high treatment level of PVAm on the copy paper furnish was able to maintain a net positive zeta potential up to pH of about 11, whereas charge demand titrations indicated that PVAm maintained its positive charge character up to about pH 10. Favorable dewatering was observed when the furnish had been pretreated with 1% polyacrylate dispersant prior to treatment with PVAm at the 0.5% level, and the mass of filtrate increased slightly with increasing pH. First-pass retention tests showed poor retention efficiency in systems where the furnish had been treated with the dispersant, then PVAm, in an unfavorable pH range of about 9 to 9.5. Higher retention was achieved both at pH 8.2 and at pH 10 or higher. Handsheets showed superior breaking length results in the systems where the stock had been pretreated with the dispersant, though strength decreased strongly with increasing pH. Differences in filler content, as indicated by ash analysis, were not large enough to account for the observed strength differences. Formation uniformity was substantially increased by the pretreatment with dispersant, even in the presence of PVAm and throughout the studied pH range.

Enhancing tissue wet pressing performance and dry end material efficiency for cost savings, TAPPI Journal May 2024

May 25, 2024

ABSTRACT: The steadily growing global tissue paper demand lays a foundation for new technologies targeting tissue production optimization, as well as improved material and time efficiency. Tissue making is an especially energy-intensive field of paper industry, creating unique demands for performance in wet pressing and drying processes to cut energy usage. Intelligent roll solutions offer new tools for tissue making to achieve these goals. These tools aim at improving press nip, moisture, and tension profiles; reeling nip and parent roll hardness profiles; rewinder runnability; and end product web handling characteristics in converting. Intelligent rolls can be utilized in all the main processes and positions on tissue production lines. With these tools, production cost reductions and energy savings can be obtained by optimizing the press nip-to-Yankee cylinder contact, avoiding moisture profile errors requiring overdrying with the Yankee hood and reducing reeling/winding broke under low nip load conditions typical to tissue windups. The intelligent roll system consists of a helically mounted force or temperature sensors, roll covers, measurement electronics, digital radio transmission, and a receiver system connected to a user interface or the mill automation system. What distinguishes these implementations is that no layout changes or added external measurement devices are required, helping to fit into compact tissue machine environments, regardless of the equipment type • traditional, hybrid, or through-air drying (TAD) concept. In tissue processing equipment, the optimal positions for these rolls are press nip rollers, reeling cylinders, rewinder or converting line paper lead rolls, or rewinder winding drums. In addition to these, temperature profile measurements are utilized, with the main application being the sheet temperature profile detection after Yankee drying for moisture profile and drying process optimization.

Z-directional testing of paperboard in combined tensile and compression loading, TAPPI Journal May 2024

May 25, 2024

ABSTRACT: The out-of-plane properties of paperboard are important in several converting applications such as printing, sealing, creasing, and calendering. A juxtaposed tensile and compression curve in the z direction (ZD) will, however, appear to have a kink or discontinuity at 0 stress. The purpose of the present work is to capture the continuous transition between tension and compression and to increase the understanding of the complex ZD properties of paperboard by cyclic testing. In this attempt to unify the ZD tensile and compressive behavior of paperboard, samples were laminated to the testing platens using heat seal laminate film. The method for adhering the samples was compared to samples that were laminated and glued to the testing platens. The edge effects of the cutting method were evaluated in compression testing with samples not attached to the testing platens. The flat slope seen in the initial part of the pure compression curve disappeared when the samples were laminated to the testing platens. The flat slope was instead replaced by a continuous response in the transition across 0 N. The stiffness in the transition region resembled the response in tensile testing. When the testing is cycled, the material exhibits a history dependence. Starting the cycle in either compression or tensile will show an effect on the stiffness at the transition, as well as the compressive stiffness. However, the ultimate tensile strength is unaffected.

Utilization of Areca leaf residues for sustainable production of greyboard, TAPPI Journal May 2024

May 25, 2024

ABSTRACT: This study primarily focused on the production of greyboard using waste materials from small scale industries, and specifically using Areca leaf waste fibers as a sustainable and environmentally friendly resource. Areca leaf waste fibers were employed as the primary raw material for greyboard manufacturing. The resulting greyboard exhibited commendable properties, including a tear index of 7.53 mN·m2/g, tensile index of 18.34·N·m/g (i.e., breaking length of 1870 m), burst factor of 9.24 (gf/cm2)/(g/m2) and stiffness factor of 33.1. This greyboard was created through a series of steps, including hydrothermal treatment of the material at 155°C and mechanical pulping refinement. The produced greyboard met the specifications outlined in the Indian Standard 2617 (1967) for greyboard. The key objective of this work was to leverage agricultural waste resources to develop a chemical-free greyboard, resulting in reduced waste disposal in open fields and a decrease in chemical usage within the greyboard manufacturing industry. Various characterization techniques, including field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), attenuated total reflection•Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) analysis, and X-ray diffraction (XRD), were used to assess the fiber quality, including aspects such as functional groups, morphology, and crystallinity for the materials used in the manufacturing process.