About TAPPI Journal
An internationally recognized technical publication for over 60 years, TAPPI Journal (TJ) publishes the latest and most relevant research on the forest products and related industries in digital format. A stringent peer-review process and distinguished editorial board of academic and industry experts set TAPPI Journal apart as a reliable source for impactful basic and applied research and technical reviews. TAPPI Journal is now Open Access. Read more.
Guest Editorial: Still working (overtime): Life-saving nonwovens and continued innovation, TAPPI Journal August 2021
August 01, 2021
ABSTRACT: Recently, the United States federal government has recommended the need for a booster shot to combat COVID-19, highlighting the highly contagious nature of its Delta variant. This variant is surging in countries as far apart as Thailand, Brazil, and the United States. While the availability of the vaccine is not an issue in the United States, African, Latin American, and South Asian countries are in dire need of the vaccine. This scenario necessitates the need for continued safety measures. Among the recommended safety measures, use of face masks has been proven to be effective. Recent analysis showed that two-thirds of the 32 states in the United States with face mask mandates found them helpful for lowering infection rates.
Formic acid pulping process of rice straw for manufacturing of cellulosic fibers with silica, TAPPI Journal August 2021
August 31, 2021
Application: This research work provides a suitable pulping process for rice straw that can convert high silica in rice straw from a liability to an asset for the pulp and paper industry. The silica remaining in pulp provides high opacity and better bonding in paper.
Technological evaluation of Pinus maximinoi wood for industrial use in kraft pulp production, TAPPI Journal August 2021
August 06, 2021
ABSTRACT: This study characterized Pinus maximinoi wood and evaluated its performance for pulp production. Samples of Pinus taeda wood were used as reference material. For both species, wood chips from 14-year-old trees were used for the technological characterization, pulping, bleaching process analysis, and pulp properties. A modified kraft pulping process was carried out targeting kappa number 28±5% on brownstock pulp. The bleaching sequence was applied for bleached pulp with final brightness of 87±1 % ISO. Refinability and resistance properties were measured in the bleached pulps. Compared to P. taeda wood, P. maximinoi showed slightly higher basic density (0.399 g/cm³) and higher holocellulose (64.5%), lignin (31.1%), and extractives content (4.5%), along with lower ash content (0.16%). P. maximinoi tracheids showed greater wall thickness (6.4 µm) when compared to P. taeda tracheids. For the same kappa number, P. maximinoi and P. taeda resulted in similar screened yield, with an advantage observed for P. maximinoi, which resulted in lower specific wood consumption (5.281 m³/o.d. metric ton), and lower black liquor solids (1.613 metric tons/o.d. metric ton). After oxygen delignification, P. maximinoi pulp showed higher efficiency on kappa reduction (67.2%) and similar bleaching chemical demand as P. taeda pulp. Compared to P. taeda pulps, the refined P. maximinoi pulps had similar results and the bulk property was 10% higher. Results showed that P. maximinoi is an interesting alternative raw material for softwood pulp production in Brazil.
August 31, 2021
Application: This paper highlights ways for industry to explore new ways of using starches for traditional and non-traditional barrier applications. TAPPI conference proceedings and presentations, technical papers, and publication articles provide technical and management data and solutions on topics covering the Pulp, Paper, Tissue, Corrugated Packaging, Flexible Packaging, Nanotechnology and Converting Industries. Simply select the quantity, add to your cart and your conference paper, presentation or article will be available for immediate download.
Can carbon capture be a new revenue opportunity for the pulp and paper sector?, TAPPI Journal August 2021
August 01, 2021
ABSTRACT: Transition towards carbon neutrality will require application of negative carbon emission technologies (NETs). This creates a new opportunity for the industry in the near future. The pulp and paper industry already utilizes vast amounts of biomass and produces large amounts of biogenic carbon dioxide. The industry is well poised for the use of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), which is considered as one of the key NETs. If the captured carbon dioxide can be used to manufacture green fuels to replace fossil ones, then this will generate a huge additional market where pulp and paper mills are on the front line. The objective of this study is to evaluate future trends and policies affecting the pulp and paper industry and to describe how a carbon neutral or carbon negative pulp and paper production process can be viable. Such policies include, as examples, price of carbon dioxide allowances or support for green fuel production and BECCS implementation. It is known that profitability differs depending on mill type, performance, energy efficiency, or carbon dioxide intensity. The results give fresh understanding on the potential for investing in negative emission technologies. Carbon capture or green fuel production can be economical with an emission trade system, depending on electricity price, green fuel price, negative emission credit, and a mill’s emission profile. However, feasibility does not seem to evidently correlate with the performance, technical age, or the measured efficiency of the mill.