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Boosting the elongation potential of paper by mechanical refining and additives, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2018

Boosting the elongation potential of paper by mechanical refining and additives, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2018

Journal articles
Magazine articles
Open Access
Editorial: PaperCon: A ten-year journey of papermaking excellence, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2018

Editorial: PaperCon: A ten-year journey of papermaking excellence, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2018

Journal articles
Magazine articles
Open Access
Mineral/microfibrillated cellulose composite materials: High performance products, applications, and product forms, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2018

Mineral/microfibrillated cellulose composite materials: High performance products, applications, and product forms, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2018

Journal articles
Magazine articles
Open Access
Regulatory and sustainability initiatives lead to improved polyaminopolyamide-epichlorohydrin (PAE) wet-strength resins and paper products, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2018

Regulatory and sustainability initiatives lead to improved polyaminopolyamide-epichlorohydrin (PAE) wet-strength resins and paper products, TAPPI JOURNAL September 2018

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A novel predictive method for filler coflocculation with cellulose microfibrils, TAPPI Journal November 2019

ABSTRACT: Different strategies aimed at reducing the negative impact of fillers on paper strength have been the objective of many studies during the past few decades. Some new strategies have even been patented or commercialized, yet a complete study on the behavior of the filler flocs and their effect on retention, drainage, and formation has not been found in literature. This type of research on fillers is often limited by difficulties in simulating high levels of shear at laboratory scale similar to those at mill scale. To address this challenge, a combination of techniques was used to compare preflocculation (i.e., filler is flocculated before addition to the pulp) with coflocculation strategies (i.e., filler is mixed with a binder and flocculated before addition to the pulp). The effect on filler and fiber flocs size was studied in a pilot flow loop using focal beam reflectance measurement (FBRM) and image analysis. Flocs obtained with cationic polyacrylamide (CPAM) and benonite were shown to have similar shear resistance with both strategies, whereas cationic starch (CS) was clearly more advantageous when coflocculation strategy was used. The effect of flocculation strategy on drainage rate, STFI formation, ash retention, and standard strength properties was measured. Coflocculation of filler with CPAM plus bentonite or CS showed promising results and produced sheets with high strength but had a negative impact on wire dewatering, opening a door for further optimization.

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Creating adaptive predictions for packaging-critical quality parameters using advanced analytics and machine learning, TAPPI Journal November 2019

ABSTRACT: Packaging manufacturers are challenged to achieve consistent strength targets and maximize pro-duction while reducing costs through smarter fiber utilization, chemical optimization, energy reduction, and more. With innovative instrumentation readily accessible, mills are collecting vast amounts of data that provide them with ever increasing visibility into their processes. Turning this visibility into actionable insight is key to successfully exceeding customer expectations and reducing costs. Predictive analytics supported by machine learning can provide real-time quality measures that remain robust and accurate in the face of changing machine conditions. These adaptive quality “soft sensors” allow for more informed, on-the-fly process changes; fast change detection; and process control optimization without requiring periodic model tuning.The use of predictive modeling in the paper industry has increased in recent years; however, little attention has been given to packaging finished quality. The use of machine learning to maintain prediction relevancy under ever-changing machine conditions is novel. In this paper, we demonstrate the process of establishing real-time, adaptive quality predictions in an industry focused on reel-to-reel quality control, and we discuss the value created through the availability and use of real-time critical quality.

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Editorial: Diverse content characterizes PaperCon 2019, TAPPI Journal November 2019

ABSTRACT: PaperCon 2019 was held from May 5-8 in Indianapolis, IN. Many of us visiting Indianapolis had little or no perception of the area beyond, of course, race cars and good sports teams. We also found a lovely, walkable downtown with a myriad of restaurants, parks, historic sites, and state government. As with the diverse offerings of PaperCon 2019’s host city of Indianapolis, the conference technical program was exceptionally broad this year. In this special issue of TAPPI Journal, we share both the breadth and quality of the content presented at PaperCon 2019 through peer-reviewed papers from the conference, as described below.

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Rheological characterization of tack and viscoelasticity of compositions of crepe coating used in the Yankee dryer, TAPPI Journal November 2019

ABSTRACT: The vast majority of tissue production uses creping to achieve the required set of properties on the base sheet. The Yankee coating helps to develop the desired crepe that in turn determines properties such as bulk and softness. The adhesion of the sheet to the Yankee surface is a very important characteristic to consider in achieving the desired crepe. The coating mix usually consists of the adhesive, modifier, and release. A good combination of these components is essential to achieving the desired properties of the tissue or towel, which often are determined by trials on the machine that can be time consuming and lead to costly rejects. In this paper, five compo-sitions of an industrial Yankee coating adhesive, modifier, and release were examined rheologically. The weight ratio of the adhesive was kept constant at 30% in all five compositions and the modifier and release ratios were varied. The normal force and work done by the different compositions have been shown at various temperatures simulating that of the Yankee surface, and the oscillatory test was carried out to explain the linear and nonlinear viscoelastic characteristic of the optimal coating composition.

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A new approach for the preparation of cellulose nanocrystals from bamboo pulp through extremely low acid hydrolysis, TAPPI Journal January 2020

ABSTRACT: As a renewable and biodegradable nanomaterial, cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) has a wide range of potential applications, but production of CNC faces significant challenges in capital investment and manufacturing cost. In this work, the one-step preparation of CNC from bleached kraft bamboo pulp by extremely low acid (concen-tration of acid = 0.1 wt%) hydrolysis was demonstrated. The experimental data indicated that the yield of CNC was strongly affected by the operating pressure and concentration of hydrochloric acid (HCl), as well as temperature. Rod-like CNC with a mean particle size of 524 nm was obtained through an extremely low acid (ELA) hydrolysis pro-cess. The yield of CNC can reach to 37.1% by an ELA hydrolysis process at 180°C for 60 min with 0.08 wt% HCl and 20 MPa operating pressure. The Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) measurements show that the as-pre-pared CNC maintained cellulose structure. Compared with a conventional CNC prepared by strong sulfuric acid (H2SO4) hydrolysis, the CNC prepared by ELA hydrolysis process exhibited much higher thermal stability.

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Editorial: TAPPI Journal research highlights from 2019, TAPPI Journal January 2020

ABSTRACT: As we move into 2020, it's interesting to look back at the research topics that were covered in TAPPI Journal (TJ) the previous year. Members of the TJ editorial board organized diverse special issues on lignin, coating ,forming, and diverse papermaking and biorefinery topics, which are discussed in the following sections.